Explanations of terms and phrases frequently used in JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 project documents are listed below. For a more comprehensive list of terms used in JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 operations, please see the glossary of terms for sovereign and non-sovereign operations .


Agreements - Define the terms and covenants of agreement between JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 and a borrower or recipient. Procedures for the signing of loans, grants and technical assistance agreements are outlined as part of preparatory actions in JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游’s project administration instructions .

Approval - Approval of the project by JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游's Board of Directors or the relevant JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 authority.

Approved projects - Projects that have been approved by JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游's Board of Directors or the relevant JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 authority. Project implementation starts after corresponding legal agreements are signed and effective. Documents submitted for the project's approval, such as Technical Assistance Reports , and the Report and Recommendation of the President , are posted on JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游.org in accordance with JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游's Access to Information Policy .

Active projects - Approved projects that have met the conditions for effectiveness for at least one of its sources of financing and is ready for or already undergoing implementation.

Audit and performance evaluation report - Performance and procurement-related reviews conducted to help strengthen accountability, enhance transparency, and improve project oversight.

Audited project financial statements (APFS) - Annual audited project accounts for sovereign projects for which the invitation to negotiate is issued on or after the Public Communications Policy (PCP) 2011 effective date of 2 April 2012. See the project administration section of JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游’s operations manual for more information on project accounting, financial reporting, and auditing.


B-loan / Syndication - A cofinancing arrangement involving funds from various sources provided to a single borrower or grant recipient with the risk shared among the loan providers. More on this can be found on the  nonsovereign financial products  page.


Cancellation - Reduction of the principal amount owned in the case of partial cancellation of a loan, and the entire principal amount in the case of full cancellation.

Cancellation notice - Cancellation notices provide notice of the cancellation of a project or program.

Change in scope, amount, and implementation arrangements - Outlines changes to a project or program that alters or affects the purpose, components, costs, benefits, procurement, or other implementation arrangements.

Closing date or loan closure - The date that JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 may terminate the right of the borrower to make withdrawals from the loan account. Expenditures incurred after the loan closing dates are not financed under the loan.

Cofinancing - Shared financing with a third party on a transaction involving JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 funds, risk tasking, or adminitration. More on this can be found on the  sovererign cofinancing  and commercial cofinancing  pages.

Combined resettlement and indigenous peoples planning framework - Provides a framework to address the impacts and issues of involuntary resettlement and ethnic minorities.

Combined resettlement and indigenous peoples plan - Addresses project impacts and issues of involuntary resettlement and ethnic minorities.

Commitment  - This is the financing approved by JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游’s Board of Directors or Management for which the investment agreement has been signed by the borrower, recipient, or the investee company and JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游. It is the amount indicated in the investment agreement that may or may not be equal to the approved amount, depending on the exchange rate at the time of signing.

Completion report - Evaluates the design, implementation, and performance of technical assistance, a project, or program, and provides overall assessments and recommendations.

Concept clearance - A preliminary fact finding on the project that assesses the likely development impact of the project and what value JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游's participation will have on the project, the sector and the country.

Concept paper - Provides general information and description on a proposed project.

Consulting services - JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 engages a wide range of experts as individual consultants and as consulting entities, such as companies, universities and non-government organizations. The procedures are explained on the consulting services page. A complete list of consulting opportunities can be found in JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游's consultant management system , where the process of engaging consultants takes place.

Consultants' report - Studies and reports prepared by consultants on the activities and outputs of technical assistance projects.


Design and monitoring framework (DMF) - Outlines quantified time-bound targets and measurable indicators for a project to identify key risks and assumptions used to monitor and evaluate project performance. The final version of this document is included as an appendix in the Report and Recommendation of the President and the Technical Assistance Report. See JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游’s guidelines for preparing a design and monitoring framework .

Documents produced under Grant/Loans/TA - Material produced during the implementation of a project or produced as part of the outputs of a project.

Drivers of change -  JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 identifies drivers of change that will be stressed in all its operations - developing the private sector, encouraging good governance, supporting gender equity, helping developing countries gain knowledge, and expanding partnerships with other development institutions, the private sector, and with community-based organizations. See the Strategy 2020 Midterm Review .


Effective date - The date, as determined by JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游, when disbursements may be made from a loan account.

Environmental and social aspects: environmental aspects - The manner in which the project will affect the environment. More on Environment Safeguards .

Environmental and social aspects: indigenous peoples - The manner in which the project will affect indigenous peoples in the project area. More on Indigenous Peoples Safeguards .

Environmental and social aspects: involuntary resettlement - Whether or not the project requires the involuntary resettlement of people and if so a summary of the circumstances and requirements. More on Involuntary Resettlement Safeguards .

Environment and social compliance audit report - Describes project compliance with environmental safeguards requirements and includes information on consultations and participation of affected people, as well as conclusions and recommendations.

Environmental and social management system arrangement - Describes policies, procedures, reporting mechanisms and organizational capacity to manage environmental and social issues arising out of operations and activities.

Environmental and social monitoring report - Reports on the status of environmental or social issues or mitigation measures related to project implementation.

Environmental assessment and measures - Assessments and measures used to ensure the environmental soundness and sustainability of JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游-financed projects according to JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游’s safeguard policy statement such as Initial Environmental Examinations, Environmental Assessment and Review Frameworks, Environmental Impact Assessments, Environment and Social Impact Assessments, Summary Environmental Impact Assessments, Summary Initial Environmental Examinations, and Environmental Management Plans.

Equity investment - A direct investment in a company for its shareholdings with payment made directly to the company, or an investment with a group of other investors in a private equity fund taking a share holding.

Executing agencies - The government/non-government agencies that are working with JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 to implement the project or program.

Exposure - The outstanding balance of a loan; or in the case of a guarantee, the value of the obligation held by JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游. For an equity investment, the exposure is the market value or fair value of the investment.

Extension of validity - Documents an extension to the period of validity of JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 approval as agreed between the borrower or the recipient, and the regional department concerned.


Facility administration manual - Provides guidance for monitoring multitranche financing facilities (MFF) and evaluating their performance.

Fact finding - An examination of the project's technical, financial, economic, environmental, marketing, and management aspects, as well as potential social impact.

Faster approach to small nonsovereign transactions (FAST) - A streamlined approval process for small nonsovereign transactions.

Faster approach to small nonsovereign transactions (FAST) report - Describes the objectives, terms, and conditions of a nonsovereign project for consideration for approval by JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 under the Faster Approach to Small Nonsovereign Transactions (FAST) framework.


Gender equity and mainstreaming - Projects involving gender equity directly address gender equality and women's empowerment by narrowing gender disparities through a variety of means. Gender mainstreaming involves the process of assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including legislation, policies or programs, in all areas and at all levels. See JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游's  Policy on Gender and Development .

Gender action plan (GAP) - Strategies, mechanisms, project components, budget provisions and other measures identified to address gender concerns. This includes clear targets, quotas, gender design features and quantifiable performance indicators to ensure women’s participation and benefits. See JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游’s policy on gender and development .

Geographical location - The location in which the project is being implemented.

Grant – a sum of money provided to an JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 developing member country that does not need to be paid back and has the overall objective of promoting sustainable social and/or economic development. Information on grant regulations, requirements and guidelines may be found in JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游's Operations Manual , Special Operations Grant Regulations , or the policy paper on Externally Financed Grant Regulations .

Grant assistance report  - Describes the background, project features, impacts, expected outcomes, and conditions for approved grant assistance projects including the rationale for grant funding rather than lending.

Grant implementation manual  - Administrative and management requirements for the implementation of grant projects.

Guarantee - A commercial and/or political risk assumed by JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游.


Impact - The expected beneficial consequences measured three to five years after project completion.

Indigenous peoples planning document - Describes assessments and measures to facilitate compliance to JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游's indigenous peoples safeguard requirements in JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游-financed projects.

Initial poverty and social analysis (IPSA) - Provides an initial poverty and social assessment of people who may be beneficially or adversely affected by a project.


Last review mission - Monitoring visit to the JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 project by the project officer or other concerned JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 staff.

Loan - a sum of money provided to an JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 developing member country or private company that is paid back with interest and has the overall objective of promoting sustainable social and/or economic development. More information on JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 loans can be found on the following pages: Operations - Project Design and Management , Public Sector (Sovereign) lending and grant modalities , or Private Sector (non-sovereign) financial products .


Management review meeting (MRM) - When the project is initially reviewed by JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 Management.

Modality - A financial instrument such as a loan, equity investment, grant, project cofinancing, or guarantee that is used as project financing, support for government policies, or other technical and advisory support.

Multitranche financing facility (MFF) - A flexible financing instrument that provides loan payments in stages, based on project readiness and the long-term needs of a client.


Nonsoveriegn projects - Nonsovereign operations include investments in companies, both privately-held and state-sponsored. See Private Sector (Nonsovereign) Financing .


Outcome - The aims of the project as measured against the delivered outputs by the end of project implementation.

Outputs - The physical and/or tangible goods and/or services delivered by the project.


Periodic financing request report - Summarizes project financing requests for multitranche financing facility (MFF) Tranches.

Prepayment - Full or partial payment on a loan paid off ahead of schedule.

Procurement - JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 procures a variety of goods, works and services in order to carry out projects and programs. A listing of the latest procurement notices can be found on the  business opportunities  page and or delivered to your email inbox via the JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游  e-Alerts  system.

Procurement plan - A detailed outline and schedule, prepared according JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游’s procurement guidelines , of the goods, services and works that will be contracted by the recipient of an JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 loan or grant.

Program safeguard systems assessments - Prepared under results-based lending (RBL) programs to assess positive and negative impacts and risks related to the environment, resettlement, and indigenous peoples.

Progress Report - Provides updates on the status of a project during project implementation such as remedial actions, documentation by executing agencies, and the fulfillment of requirements for the authorization of tranche releases under a multitranche financing facility.

Project design advance - Describes detailed engineering design and preparatory work, including feasibility studies and due diligence, safeguards and pre-implementation work, advanced procurement actions and transaction advice, as well as legal services. Read more on JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游’s project design advance facility .

Project/program administration manuals (PAM) - Essential administrative and management requirements for project or program implementation as outlined in JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游’s project administration instructions .

Project cofinancing - Loans, grants and other financial assistance provided by sources other than JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游. More on this can be found on the  sovereign cofinancing and nonsovereign cofinancing pages.

Project data sheet (PDS) - A summary of an JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 project or program. Project data sheets are works in progress. Some information may not be included in initial versions but will be added as it becomes available. Documents produced during the project cycle are linked to the PDS.

Project implementation - The period between when a loan or grant becomes effective and its closing date.

Project name - The name of the project.

Project number - A unique 8-digit number assigned to the project by JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 during preparation.

Project rating - JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 projects are rated using the five performance indicators: technical, contract awards, disbursement, financial management, and safeguards. The rating system includes green, which means the project is on track; amber, which indicates a potential problem; and red, which connotes a problem or risk to the project. When two of the five indicators are rated at risk, then the project overall is considered at risk.

Project rationale and linkage to country/regional strategy - The broad context and reason for the project and how it links to the overall strategy of JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 in that country and region, and the country’s development priorities. More about the role of  country partnership strategies  can be found under the project cycle page.

Project status - Classifies projects as proposed, approved, active, closed, or cancelled/terminated.

Project type / modality of assistance - Sovereign projects, involving work with governments, are generally classified as loans, technical assistance, or grants. Non-sovereign projects, or those in partnership with companies, are generally classified as loans, equity investments, grants, project cofinancing or guarantees.

Proposed Projects - Projects undergoing due diligence and assessment prior to being submitted for approval to JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游's Board of Directors or the relevant JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 authority. If the project requires the resettlement of people or might adversely impact the environment, or indigenous peoples, safeguard assessments are prepared during this stage. Results of these assessments are disclosed to affected people and other interested stakeholders in accordance with JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游's Access to Information Policy and Safeguard Policy Statement .


Quarterly status of completion reports - Summarizes the achievement of program targets.


Repayment - Paying back money previously borrowed from a lender.

Reports and recommendations of the president (RRP) - Documents the recommendation of a project for approval and describes the objectives, terms, and conditions of the project for consideration by JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游’s Board of Directors.

Resettlement planning documents - Describes assessments and measures to facilitate compliance wirh JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游's involuntary resettlement safeguard requirements in JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游-financed projects.

Responsible JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 department - The JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 department in which the project is being administered.

Responsible JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 divison - The JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 division in which the project is being administered.

Responsible JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 officer - The JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 staff, who is responsible for overseeing the project or program.

Results-based lending   (RBL) - Loans in which disbursements are directly linked to specific achievements of program results.


Safeguard categories - See JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游's Safeguard Policy Statement .

Safeguard categories: environment - Proposed projects are screened according to type, location, scale, and sensitivity and the magnitude of their potential environmental impacts, including direct, indirect, induced, and cumulative impacts. 

Safeguard categories: indigenous peoples - The impacts of an JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游-supported project on indigenous peoples.

Safeguard categories: involuntary resettlement - The involuntary resettlement impacts of an JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游-supported project are considered significant if 200 or more persons will be physically displaced from home or lose 10% or more of their productive or income-generating assets.

Safeguards due diligence reports - Prepared as part of safeguards due diligence and review to ensure compliance with JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游's Safeguard Policy Statement due diligence requirements.

Sector / Subsector - In its work with governments, the sectors in which JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 operates are the environment; education; regional cooperation and integration; finance sector development, and infrastructure, including transport and communications, energy, water supply and sanitation, and urban development. In its work with private companies and governments, JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 focuses on infrastructure and the development of capital markets and the financial sector. See JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游’s Project Classification System .

Small-scale technical assistance (SSTA) monthly/quarterly reports - Summarizes the approved (A) preparatory technical assistance projects not exceeding $1,500,000; (B) technical assistance projects not exceeding $225,000; and (C) technical assistance cluster subprojects.

Sovereign projects - Sovereign operations include loans, grants, and technical assistance to the governments of developing countries that are  members of JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 . See Public Sector (Sovereign) Financing .

Source of funding / amount - The JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 project or program which is providing the funding and the corresponding amount. More information on sources of JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 funding can be found on the funds and resources page.

Stakeholder communication, participation, and consultation during project design - Details regarding how people affected by the project will be/were consulted during the design phase.

Stakeholder communication, participation, and consultation during project project implementation - Details regarding how people affected by the project will be/were consulted during the project implementation phase.

Strategic agendas - JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 focuses on three complementary strategic agendas to pursue its vision and mission. These include fostering inclusive growth; promoting environmentally sustainable growth; and encouraging regional cooperation and integration. See the  Strategy 2020 Midterm Review .

Summary poverty reduction and social strategies  - Summary of poverty and social analysis and strategies for a project. These are now disclosed as a linked document to the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Syndication / B-loan - A cofinancing arrangement involving funds from various sources provided to a single borrower or grant recipient with the risk shared among the loan providers. More on this can be found on the  nonsovereign financial products  page.


Technical Assistance – a mode of JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游 support that facilitates the preparation, financing, and execution of development projects and programs. It helps developing member countries (DMCs) improve their capacities and make better use of their development resources.

Technical Assistance Cofinancing - Technical assistance provided by sources other than JJ竞技(拉萨)登录手游.

Technical Assistance Report (TAR) - Provides the context, background, impacts and outcomes, key activities, estimated costs, financing, and implementation arrangements for an approved technical assistance project.

Translated Project Data Sheet (PDS) - Translations of summary information on projects or programs.